This procedure is performed to diagnose and treat a septum in the uterus. A septum is a thin wall of tissue inside the uterus that separates the uterus into 2 parts. The septum may lead to abortions or preterm delivery. Removing the septum improves the chances of carrying a pregnancy to term.
Hysteroscopic surgery is performed using a hysteroscope (a type of endoscope) that is connected with optical fibers and equipped with a camera which relays the image onto a video screen. The gynaecologist uses this hysteroscope to inspect the uterine cavity and the cervix. The tip of the hysteroscope is inserted inside vagina and gently moved through the cervix into the uterus. Fluid is introduced into the uterine cavity to lift apart the walls of the uterus. The septum is then cut with a knife or scissors with or without the use of energy.
Hysteroscopy is a quick procedure with a fast and easy recovery. It avoids the discomfort, hospitalization, expense, and longer recovery of abdominal surgery.
This is a day care procedure. The patient can go home the same day.